WASHINGTON (AP) - Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid says there is bipartisan compromise to end the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration that has left 74,000 transportation and construction workers idled.
In a statement Thursday, the majority leader did not specify details.
But other officials say they expect the Senate to accept a House-passed bill as early as Friday.
The officials spoke on condition of anonymity, saying the precise terms remain confidential.
On the surface, the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration was about whether to cut $16 million in air service subsidies, a pretty small amount in this town. Underneath are layers upon layers of political gamesmanship that, at its heart, is about whether Democrats or Republicans get to call the shots in Congress.
The immediate price is high. Already, 4,000 FAA employees have been furloughed, more than 200 construction projects have been halted and an estimated 70,000 other private-sector workers affected. Air traffic controllers and safety inspectors have remained on the job because the agency still has money from another pool of funds to pay them.
The government has been losing about $30 million a day in uncollected airline ticket taxes since the shutdown began on July 23. If it's not resolved until after Congress returns from its August recess in early September, lost revenue will tally about $1.2 billion.
The political stakes are even higher.
Democrats complain that Republicans, by manufacturing crisis after crisis, are trying to force them to accept painful policies that haven't been negotiated through normal legislative processes.
Earlier this year, it was the prospect of a government shutdown over tax breaks for higher-income Americans. More recently it was a potential default on the government's financial obligations. Now it's a continued shutdown of the FAA unless Democrats accept the air service subsidy cuts.
"This is becoming a very disturbing pattern: A small, uncompromising group, feeling the righteousness of their cause, hurt tens of thousands of innocent people and takes them hostage until they get their complete way," Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said. "These debates should not be determined by which side is willing to take the most casualties."
Republicans said they have to use the tools available to them because Democrats are unreasonable about cutting spending.
"If we're having this fight over $16 million in subsidies, how are they going to get trillions (of dollars in cuts) from government? It's not a good start," Rep. John Mica, R-Fla., chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, said in an interview with The Associated Press. "This may be emblematic of what we face getting any cuts."
But Democrats said the spending cuts aren't the real issue. They said that if they accept the air service cuts now, Republicans will demand a higher price when the next short-term FAA extension bill must be passed, which is expected to be in mid-September.
Mica made the first move leading up to the shutdown in July when he attached a provision eliminating subsidies for air service to 13 rural communities to a bill to extend FAA's operating authority, which was due to expire shortly. The FAA has been operating under a series of 20 short-term extension bills since 2007, when the agency's last long-term funding bill expired.
The Senate approved a long-term bill in February and the House its own bill in April. More than 200 differences between the two bills have been worked out, but a dozen thorny issues remain.
One of those issues is the air service program, which was created after airlines were deregulated in 1978. It pays airlines to fly less profitable routes to remote communities. The entire program costs about $200 million a year, about the same as what the government is losing each week the FAA shutdown continues. Critics say some of the communities don't deserve aid because they are within a reasonable drive of a hub airport or because their subsidies are exorbitantly high - more than $1,000 per passenger.
Since both bills would reduce funding for the program, although in very different ways, it has been clear for months that some cuts will be made, lawmakers said.
But the most politically difficult issue involves a labor provision in the House long-term bill. Republicans want to overturn a National Mediation Board rule approved last year that allows airline and railroad employees to form a union by a simple majority of those voting. Under the old rule, workers who didn't vote were treated as "no" votes.
Democrats and union officials say the change puts airline and railroad elections under the same democratic rules required for unionizing all other companies. But Republicans say the new rule reverses 75 years of precedent to favor labor unions.
The GOP labor provision has the backing of the airline industry. The biggest beneficiary would be Delta Air Lines, the largest carrier whose workers aren't primarily union members.
Last month, in comments to the House Rules Committee and separately to reporters, Mica said the labor provision was the only issue standing in the way of the House and Senate reaching an agreement on a long-term FAA bill. He said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, R-Nev., has refused to negotiate with Republicans on the issue.
"There is only one issue - have I not been clear? It's up to Mr. Reid," Mica told the committee. He added that including the subsidy cuts to the extension bill "forces the Senate's hand to act."
One of the communities that would lose subsidized service is Morgantown, W.Va., in the home state of Democratic Sen. Jay Rockefeller, Mica's Senate counterpart. Reid and Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont., chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, which handles the tax aspects of the bills, also have communities on the list.
Besides Morgantown, the cities on the list are Athens, Ga.; Glendive, Mont.; Alamogordo, N.M.; Ely, Nev.; Jamestown, N.Y.; Bradford, Pa.; Hagerstown, Md.; Jonesboro, Ark.; Johnstown, Pa.; Franklin/Oil City, Pa.; Lancaster, Pa.; and Jackson, Tenn.
"Yes, I did work with our leadership to find some pressure points to get leverage on the (long-term) bill," Mica told the AP. "I didn't ask for a lot." Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison of Texas, the senior Senate GOP negotiator on the FAA bill, called Mica's inclusion of the subsidy cuts in the extension bill a "procedural hand grenade."
It has been House Republicans who have refused to negotiate with the Senate unless Democrats agreed to concessions on the labor issue, Hutchison said.
The House bill was approved on July 20 by a mostly party-line vote. Senate Democrats have introduced their own FAA extension bill with no strings attached, but Republicans have repeatedly blocked votes on the measure.
Democrats have responded in kind, blocking votes on the House-passed bill containing the subsidy cuts.
A few days ago, House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, indicated to Democrats that he'd be willing to accept their extension bill without the subsidy cuts in exchange for concessions on the labor issue, but Democrats refused the offer, Rockefeller said.
Boehner didn't respond to a request for comment.
Dems say Congress could reopen FAA during recess
(AP, ABC7) - The Obama administration urged Congress Wednesday to end the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration, which has been paralyzed for nearly two weeks because of a partisan standoff over air service to rural communities and union organizing.
At the White House, President Barack Obama noted that more than 4,000 FAA workers have been furloughed, more than 70,000 construction workers have stopped working on FAA projects and the country stands to lose $1 billion in tax revenue from airline ticket taxes that can't be collected during the shutdown.
Lewis Fisher is one of the FAA workers who have been furloughed.
"I feel the Congress has failed the American public and the taxpayers. This is really costing the taxpayers well over a billion dollars and put the safety of flyers at risk," he said.
Fisher has worked as a financial analyst with the agency 25 years. His position is considered non-essential to air safety. He hasn't worked in a week and a half and was told to file for unemployment.
Obama called the stalemate " a lose-lose-lose situation."
Earlier in the day, Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, a Republican, took the podium in the White House briefing room to urge Congress to return from its just-started break to resolve the partisan standoff behind the shutdown, now in its 12th day.
Obama noted later they have a procedural way of ending the shutdown without coming back. "And they can have the fights that they want to have when they get back," he said. "Don't put the livelihoods of thousands of people at risk, don't put projects at risk, and don't let $1 billion at a time when we're scrambling for every dollar we can, get off the table because Congress did not act."
The president said his "expectation, and I think the American people's expectation is that this gets resolved before the end of this week."
If Congress doesn't work on a deal, White House spokesman Jay Carney said "we will look at the measures the president may be able to take."
Democrats want a bill with no strings attached, and said at a Capitol Hill news conference that they could still pass a bill that would get the FAA working again, but they need Republican cooperation.
Rep. John Mica, R-Fla., chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, told The Associated Press that House GOP leaders will only agree to their own bill with $16.5 million spending cuts to subsidies for air service to rural communities. That's the same measure that provoked the standoff.
So far, neither side is blinking.
That leaves Fisher waiting to get back to work. He says he's concerned about the financial stress the shutdown is imposing on his family.
"I'm worried about the future. We're told that our jobs mainly are not in jeopardy --this is a temporary thing but I can't help but wonder what the future is going to bring," Fisher said.
LaHood took a strong blast at members of Congress from both parties, saying when it comes to creating jobs "they talk the talk, but they have not walked the walk."
Obama also raised the specter of safety being compromised, even though LaHood has repeatedly offered reassurances that safety workers like air traffic controllers and maintenance crews were on the job. Forty safety inspectors were furloughed but are continuing to work, traveling on their own credit cards.
"Everyone wants to play hardball, and the hardball hurt us," said construction worker Tim Rickford.
Pressed on what options Obama had if Congress doesn't return voluntarily, Carney said fixing the crisis was Congress' job.
"We are intently interested in assuring that these 74,000 Americans who had jobs get them back," he said. Because they were essentially "thrown out of work by a failure of Congress to act," the simplest solution was for lawmakers to come back to Washington and fix the problem.
After passing a contentious bill to raise the government's debt ceiling, the House and Senate earlier this week left town for their annual summer recess.
"Congress needs to come back, resolve their differences, and compromise...They should not leave 74,000 people hanging out there," LaHood said.
Despite the shutdown, air traffic controllers have remained on the job. LaHood has vowed that air safety won't be compromised.
Meanwhile, FAA employee Dieter Thigpen is caring for his elderly mother. He says he feels like his job is being "considered a political football."
"I have to start using my savings to pay for daily expenses and my bill," he said."It's going to be near impossible if this drags on."